What is Web Attack?
There are many ways hackers could target web applications (websites that allow you to interact directly with software via a browser) to steal neoerudition.net confidential information or introduce malicious code or even hijack your computer. These attacks exploit weaknesses in components such as web apps or content-management systems, as well as web servers.
Web app attacks account for an enormous portion of security threats. In the past 10 years attackers have refined their skills at identifying and exploiting vulnerabilities that affect the perimeter defenses of applications. Attackers can circumvent the all common defenses using methods such as botnets, phishing, and social engineering.
Phishing attacks trick victims into clicking on an email link with malware. This malware is downloaded onto the victim's computer, and gives attackers access to systems or devices. Botnets are a collection of infected and compromised connected devices, which attackers can use to launch DDoS attacks and spread malware, as well as to perpetuate fraud on ads, and so on.
Directory traversal attacks employ movement patterns to gain unauthorised access to files, configuration files, and databases on the website. In order to protect against this kind of attack requires proper input sanitization.
SQL injection attacks target databases that stores critical data for websites and services by injecting malicious code that enables it to override security safeguards and divulge information it normally wouldn't. Attackers can run commands, dump database and more.
Cross-site scripting attacks (or XSS), insert malicious code on a trusted site to hijack the browsers of users. This allows attackers to steal session cookies as well as confidential information, impersonate users, manipulate content and more.